Category Archives: PHP

Postgresql date formatting


Formatting of data should only occur in the final steps of output. Until that point, and as a rule, internally data should remain in a base format that can easily be converted into many others – without being converted into another more basic format first.

For example Unix timestamp for dates or a floating point number for money. Both can readily be converted into more expressive formats without writing code to first parse or disassemble the initial format.

However in a situation where the flow is very specific and unlikely to ever be used to generate a different output it is permissible, even desirable, to generate data in the format it will be finally outputted.

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WARNING: Using this method will open you to Man-In-Middle_Attacks. As suggested by Filip Procházka in the comments below, you should get an up to date CA root certificate bundle and use CURLOPT_CAINFO. This article suggests a secure method for dealing with self-signed certificates.

If you’re getting stuck trying to use cURL over https in PHP, try setting both the verify peer and verify host options to false:

$url = 'https://myverysecret.domain/secrets/';
$curl = curl_init($url);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, false);